Market capitalization market cap is the market value at a point in time of the shares outstanding of a publicly traded company , being equal to the share price at that point of time times the number of shares outstanding.
Market capitalization is used by the investment community in ranking the size of companies, as opposed to sales or total asset figures. It is also used in ranking the relative size of stock exchanges , being a measure of the sum of the market capitalizations of all companies listed on each stock exchange.Shares, Share Prices and Market Capitalisation
See List of stock exchanges. In performing such rankings, the market capitalizations are calculated at some significant date, such as 30 June or 31 December.
The total capitalization of stock markets or economic regions may be compared with other economic indicators. This is in contrast to mercantile pricing where purchase price, average price and sale price may differ due to transaction costs.
Traditionally, companies were divided into large-cap , mid-cap , and small-cap. Different numbers are used by different indexes;  there is no official definition of, or full consensus agreement about, the exact cutoff values. The cutoffs may be defined as percentiles rather than in nominal dollars. Market cap reflects only the equity value of a company. It is important to note that a firm's choice of capital structure has a significant impact on how the total value of a company is allocated between equity and debt.
A more comprehensive measure is enterprise value EV , which gives effect to outstanding debt, preferred stock, and other factors.
BSE Ltd-Market Capitalisation
For insurance firms, a value called the embedded value EV has been used. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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